Injunctions for Protection

INJUNCTIONS FOR PROTECTION

BRANCH OFFICES WHERE INJUNCTION PETITIONS ARE FILED

Titusville:  400 South Street, Titusville, Florida 32796, (321) 637-6521.  Petition filing cutoff time is 4:30 p.m. with the exception of domestic violence.  Office hours are 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.

Viera:    2825 Judge Fran Jamieson Way, Viera, Florida 32940, (321) 637-5413, option 2 then 0.  Office hours are 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.

Melbourne:  51 S. Nieman Avenue, Melbourne, Florida 32901, (321) 637-6548. Petition filing cutoff time is 4:00 p.m. for all injunction petitions.  Office hours are 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.

PROCEDURE

There are five types of injunctions for protection, which are defined as follows:

  1. Domestic Violence
  2. Repeat Violence
  3. Dating Violence
  4. Sexual Violence
  5. Stalking

Definition of violence:  Any assault, aggravated assault, battery, aggravated battery, sexual assault, sexual battery, stalking, aggravated stalking, kidnapping, or false imprisonment, or any criminal offense resulting in physical injury or death by a person against another person.

1.       Domestic Violence Injunction

Domestic violence means an assault, aggravated assault, battery, aggravated battery, sexual assault, sexual battery, stalking, aggravated stalking, kidnapping, false imprisonment, or any criminal offense resulting in physical injury or death of one family or household member by another family or household member.

Definition of family or household member:  Family or household member means spouses, former spouses, persons related by blood or marriage, persons who are presently residing together as if a family or who have resided together in the past as if a family, and persons who are parents of a child in common regardless of whether they have been married.  With the exception of persons who have a child in common, the family or household members must be currently residing or have in the past resided together in a single dwelling unit.

Who may file a domestic violence injunction:   Any person who is a member of a family or household that is the victim of domestic violence or has reasonable cause to believe he or she is in imminent danger of becoming a victim of domestic violence.  Any spouse or former spouse; person related by blood or marriage; person who is or was residing within a single dwelling unit as if a family; or person who has a child in common with the respondent, regardless of whether the person and respondent are or were married or residing together as if a family.  Please note that this is a summary of the statutory definition of who may file.  The Clerk’s Office will not determine filing eligibility; however, the judge reviewing the petition will take these guidelines into consideration.

2.       Repeat Violence Injunction

Repeat violence means two incidents of violence or stalking committed by the respondent, one of which must have occurred within 6 months of the filing of the petition, which are directed against the petitioner or the petitioner’s family.

Who may file a repeat violence injunction:  Any person who is the victim of repeat violence or the parent or legal guardian of any minor child who is living at home and who seeks an injunction for protection against repeat violence on behalf of the minor child.  Please note that this is a summary of the statutory definition of who may file.  The Clerk’s Office will not determine filing eligibility; however, the judge reviewing the petition will take these guidelines into consideration. 

3.       Dating Violence Injunction

Dating violence means violence between individuals who have or have had a continuing and significant relationship of a romantic or intimate nature.  The existence of such a relationship will be determined based on consideration of the following factors:  (1) A dating relationship must have existed within the past 6 months; (2) The nature of the relationship must have been characterized by the expectation of affection or sexual involvement between the parties; and (3) The frequency and type of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship must have included that the persons have been involved over time and on a continuous basis during the course of the relationship.  The term does not include violence in a casual acquaintanceship or violence between individuals who only have engaged in ordinary fraternization in a business or social context.

Who may file a dating violence injunction:  Any person who is the victim of dating violence and has reasonable cause to believe he or she is in imminent danger of becoming the victim of another act of dating violence, or any person who has reasonable cause to believe he or she is in imminent danger of becoming the victim of an act of dating violence, or the parent or legal guardian of any minor child who is living at home and who seeks an injunction for protection against dating violence on behalf of that minor child.  Please note that this is a summary of the statutory definition of who may file.  The Clerk’s Office will not determine filing eligibility; however, the judge reviewing the petition will take these guidelines into consideration.

4.       Sexual Violence Injunction

Sexual violence means any one incident of: (1) Sexual battery as defined in Chapter 794, Florida Statutes; (2) A lewd or lascivious act as defined in Chapter 800, F.S., committed in the presence of a person younger than 16 years of age; (3) Luring or enticing a child as described in Chapter 787, F.S.; (4) Sexual performance by a child as described in Chapter 827, F.S.; or (5) Any other forcible felony wherein a sexual act is committed or attempted, regardless of whether criminal charges based on the incident were filed, reduced, or dismissed by the State Attorney.

Who may file a sexual violence injunction:  Any person who is the victim of sexual violence or the parent or legal guardian of a minor child who is living at home who is the victim of sexual violence if either :  (1) the person has reported the sexual violence to a law enforcement agency and is cooperating in the criminal proceeding if there is one; or (2) the respondent was sent to prison for committing one of the sexual violence crimes against the victim or minor child and the respondent is out of prison or is getting out of prison within 90 days of the petition being filed.  Please note that this is a summary of the statutory definition of who may file.  The Clerk’s Office will not determine filing eligibility; however, the judge reviewing the petition will take these guidelines into consideration.

5.        Stalking Injunction

Stalking means threats, harassment, cyber stalking, aggravated stalking, physically abusing, and any course of conduct or pattern of conduct directed at the petitioner, family members or individuals close to the petitioner, composed of a series of acts over a period of time, however short, evidencing a continuity of purpose.  This includes but is not limited to intentionally injuring or killing a family pet; using or threatening to use a weapon such as a gun or knife against the petitioner; or destroying personal property, including but not limited to telephones or other communication equipment, clothing, or other items belonging to the petitioner.

Who may file a stalking injunction:  Any person who is the victim of stalking or the parent or legal guardian of a minor child who is living at home who seeks an injunction for protection against stalking on behalf of the minor child.  Please note that this is a summary of the statutory definition of who may file.  The Clerk’s Office will not determine filing eligibility; however, the judge reviewing the petition will take these guidelines into consideration.

FILING FEE

No filing fee shall be charged for an Injunction for Protection Against Domestic Violence, Repeat Violence, Dating Violence, Sexual Violence, or Stalking. 

PROCEDURE

  1.  The clerk will assist you in the preparation of the required pleadings.  Your statement must be brief but specific as the Judge bases his/her decision on the information contained in your statement.  The clerk cannot tell you what to include in your statement or offer any other legal advice.
  2. Upon completion of the required pleadings, the clerk will submit the file to the Judge for consideration.
  3. After reviewing your petition, the Judge will either deny the petition without further hearing, schedule a hearing without issuing a Temporary Injunction, or issue a Temporary Injunction and schedule a hearing to determine whether a Final Judgment should be entered.  If the Judge issues a Temporary Injunction or an Order Setting Hearing, you must pick up your copies from the branch office where you originally filed.  Two (2) sets of certified copies of the Temporary Injunction will be issued to you.  The first set is your’s and should be kept with you at all times.  The second set may be used by the sheriff to serve the Respondent.
  4. If a hearing is scheduled, YOU MUST APPEAR AT THE HEARING.  The respondent will be directed to appear at this hearing also.  The Judge will take testimony from you and from the Respondent.
  5. If the Respondent commits another act of violence against you or returns to the property after being restrained from doing so, you should call 911.  If the Respondent violates any other provisions of the Injunction for Protection, you should go to the Clerk’s Office during regular business hours to file a Motion for Contempt.
  6. In order to support or dispute any claims made in the petition filed with the Court, you may bring any witnesses or evidence you have to the scheduled court hearing.

 

Please call the appropriate number to check the status of your injunction for protection case.  Your case number is:

05-201_-DR-_____________-XXXX-XX